What is Psychology?

This might be your first assignment at school. Every professor would start the discussion of General Psychology with the definition of the subject or the course that you're taking up right now.  So, what is Psychology?

Psychology's simple meaning...

Psychology comes from two Greek words "psyche" and "logos".
"Psyche" means soul and "logos" means study. During the Christian times it is considered to be the study of the soul.

Definition from useful sources:


Psychology is the study of the mind, occurring partly via the study of behavior. Grounded inscientific method, psychology has the immediate goal of understanding individuals and groups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases, and for many it ultimately aims to benefit society.In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called apsychologist, and can be classified as a social scientistbehavioral scientist, or cognitive scientist. Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the physiological and neurobiological processes that underlie certain cognitive functions and behaviors.

Psychology evolved out of both philosophy and biology. Discussions of these two subjects date as far back as the early Greek thinkers including Aristotle and Socrates. The word psychology is derived from the Greek word psyche, meaning 'soul' or 'mind.' Psychology is both an applied and academic field that studies the human mind and behavior. Research in psychology seeks to understand and explain how we think, act and feel. Applications for psychology include mental health treatment, performance enhancement, self-help, ergonomics and many other areas affecting health and daily life.

Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. The discipline embraces all aspects of the human experience — from the functions of the brain to the actions of nations, from child development to care for the aged. In every conceivable setting from scientific research centers to mental health care services, "the understanding of behavior" is the enterprise of psychologists.

Psychology is the science of the mind and behavior. The word "psychology" comes from the Greek word psyche meaning "breath, spirit, soul", and the Greek wordlogia meaning the study of something. 

According to Medilexicon's medical dictionary, psychology is "The profession (clinical psychology), scholarly discipline (academic psychology), and science (research psychology) concerned with the behavior of humans and animals, and related mental and physiologic processes."Although psychology may also include the study of the mind and behavior of animals, in this article psychology refers mainly to humans.

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